||Location Western Europe,
bordering the Bay of Biscay and English Channel, between Belgium and
Spain, southeast of the UK; bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between
Italy and Spain
France is the second largest country in Europe, with the fifth largest
population in Europe.
Population: 57.5 million
Geographic size: 212,935 square miles
Paris, Lyon, Marseille, Lille, Bordeaux.
Two thirds of France is mountains and hills, with the Alps, Pyrenees
and Vosges ranges. Mont Blanc in the Alps is the highest mountain in
The Mediterranean coast includes the popular tourist area, the French
Riviera. Its hot, dry summers and mild winters make it a popular beach
The Eiffel Tower is one of France's national landmarks. At 1,050 feet
tall, it is one of the world's most recognizable structures.
Points of Interest
Paris is one of the world's most beautiful cities, and a popular
Paris was founded by, and named after, the Celtic tribe, the Parisii.
Paris is a major culture center for Europe and the world.
Population and Culture
The French population has very diverse origins. Many people have settled
in France including the Celts, Romans, Germans, Russians, Asians,
Africans and North Americans. The populations tend to vary by region.
Historically, France was primarily a rural community. Today about 75% of
people live in cities or towns.
Art and culture are an important part of France. Many famous artists,
such as Renoir and Monet, are from France. Several famous writers,
including Victor Hugo who wrote Le Miserables and the Hunchback of Notre
Dame, are from France.
Generally cool winters and mild summers, but mild winters and hot
summers along the Mediterranean; occasional strong, cold, dry,
north-to-northwesterly wind known as mistral