Spain is located at the Iberian Península, of which it occupies
approximately 80% (the remaining 20% are occupied by Portugal), in the
southwest of Europe. In the north Spain borders on France and Andorra,
with the Pyrenees as a natural frontier. Additionally the Balearic
Islands (Mallorca, Menorca and Ibiza) in the Mediterranean Sea, Canary
Islands in Atlantic Ocean close to the Moroccian coast, and Ceuta and
Melilla, located in northern Africa, are Spanish territory.
Spain is the 3rd country of Europe in extension and the 5th in
Climate: Spain is temperate; clear, hot summers in interior, more
moderate and cloudy along coast; cloudy, cold winters in interior,
partly cloudy and cool along coast
Architecture : The oldest works of architecture in Spain of which
rests are left go back to the megalythical culture, approximately 3000
b.C. Anyhow, they are probably not exactly what you expect to find here.
Lots of Roman monuments are conserved too , among the most important
being the great aquaeduct of Segovia and the amphitheater of Mérida.
Absolutely stunning is what Moors have left in this country. The Great
Mosque of Cordoba is one of the most visited sights by tourists, the
other of course being Granada's Alhambra which is perfectly conserved in
its original condition. The Spanish Moors created a style of their own
that differs in many aspects from their traditional architecture which
you may find in Africa and introduced several novelties.This style is
called Caliphal style. The Christians who lived in Muslim territory were
called Mozarabes, and so is called their particular architectonical
style which combines Visigothic construction technics and caliphal style
. After the country was reconquered from the Muslims, Moorish architects
who stayed developed another new style combining their traditional
architecture with Romanesque and Gothic elements, the Mudejar style.
Area: 504,750 sq km; 194,884 sq miles
Population: 39.5 million (growth rate 0.2%)
Languages: Castilian Spanish (official language)
Catalonian, Galician, Valenciano, Vasco (are also official languages in
the autonomous communities of Catalonia, Galicia, Valencia and Basque
Religion: 99% Roman Catholic
Tourism: 45 million visitors per year
Currency: Euro (Exchange Rate)
Credit Cards: Visa, Eurocard, American Express, MasterCard,
Diners Club and Access are widely accepted.
Visas: No visa required for EU passport holders and for U.S. and
Canadian citizens staying up to 90 days.
Time: GMT/UTC plus 1 hour