Turkey was a region through which ancient Asian Turkish culture moved
into Europe, and also a window of Western culture opening to meet the
Turkey is surrounded by the Mediterranean Sea, Black Sea and Aegean Sea,
which connects the country to the whole world. Because of these long
coastal borders and the bridge between Asia and Europe, Turkey has been
the centre of major commercial and migration routes.
Turkey is located between Europe and Asia and is roughly a
rectangular shape. The largest section is the Anatolian Peninsula at
790,200 km2, known as Asia Minor. Thrace (Trakya) is the smaller area,
at 24,378 km2, and is located at the east of Balkan peninsula, bringing
the total area of the country to 814,578 km2. With a coastline measuring
8272km, Turkey is a naval country in a central position to the world’s
Turkey is considered a high-altitude country, as the mountains cover the
majority of the surface even though there is a significant area which is
made up of plains, plateaus and sediment areas. These geographical
variations mean that the climate is also varied, and affects the
location of settlements and economic conditions.
There are numerous rivers in Turkey, the majority of which are used in
energy production processes. The Firat and Dicle rivers in Eastern
Anatolia flow into the Basra Gulf; Yesilirmak, Kizilirmak and Sakarya
rivers in Central Anatolia into the Black Sea, Susurluk Creek, Biga and
Gonen creeks into the Marmara Sea; and Gediz and Big and Small Menderes
rivers into the Aegean Sea.
The total surface area of the lakes in Turkey is 9200 km2, with
Eastern Anatolia having the largest area. Lake Van is the biggest, (3713
km2) and Ercek, Cildir and Hazar lakes are also in this region. The
largest in Central Anatolia are mostly shallow with high salt content,
hence the name of the second biggest in the country, Tuzgolu (Salt lake)
at 1500 km2. There is a boat service which operates across the lake Van.
SEAS OF TURKEY
Black Sea, Sea of Marmara, Aegean Sea, Mediterranean Sea